Historical Timeline

3000 BC – According to findings Zakynthos was inhabited since the Neolithic Age.

1600 -1500 BC – Zakynthos, son of Trojan Dardanus, becomes the first ruler of the island. Homer is the first to mention his name in his masterpieces Ulesses (Iliada) and Odyssey (Odysseia). Zakynthos Town was then under sea level and the Acropolis of the island (Psofida) was built on, what is known today as, Mpohali. Artemis was the Olympian goddess worshiped by the islanders. 
 
1500 BC – Arkadians settle on the island.
 
1200 BC – Odysseas captures the island.
 
455 BC – Zakynthos joins Athens against the Spartans during the Peloponnesian War.
 
404-371 BC – Sparta imposes oligarchy on the island.
 
217-214 BC – King Philip V of Macedonia conquers the island.
 
214-191 BC – Romans take over Zakynthos.
 
34 AD – Christianity arrives to the island with Mary Magdalen and Maria Klopa. Maries village is named after them.
 
395 AD – Zakynthos falls under the Eastern Byzanitne Empire. During this time Zakynthos falls under attack by Vandals, Goths and Crusaders.
 
466 AD – The island is conquered by Yeziriho and later liberated by Velissario before falling under Roman ocupation for a second time.
 
1185-1479 – Zakynthos is ruled by the Royal Families of Orsini and Ti Tocchi.
 
1479 – Zakynthos is destroyed by Turkish invasion.
 
1485 – Zakynthos falls under the rule of Venetians.
 
1797 –  French Democrats take over the island after Venice's defeat by Napoleon.
 
1798 -1800 – Zakynthos is under Russian and Turkish rule. The state of the 'seven Ionian islands' is established. 
 
1807 – Zakynthos returns to the French.
 
1809 - 1864 – The British defeat the French and receive control of the Ionian islands.Greece wins freedom from the Ottoman rule in 1830. Lord Byron is among other British supporters in favour of Greece's independence and Zakynthos' re-union with the rest of the country. 
 
21 May 1864 – All seven Ionian islands are united with Greece.
 
1941 -1943 – Germans and Italians occupy the island during World War II. The 275 Jewish people inhabiting the island survive the Holocaust due to the bravery of the local community who hid them from the fascist Occupation.
 
12 September 1944 – Zakynthos is liberated and re-united with Greece.
 
12 August 1953 -  The Great Earthquake destroys the island. A significant amount of the island's cultural heritage is lost in the subsequent fires. Many islanders migrate abroad to re-built their lives.
 
60s-80s – Influx of tourism helps create the tourist industry which is the strongest component of the island's economy.